Your dental hygiene is important if you want to keep a set of pearly whites in your mouth for the duration of your life. You should take care of your teeth as you do the rest of your body. You have a shower each day to stay clean, and your teeth should be brushed properly twice a day too.
Tips for healthy teeth and gums
There are five ways you should be caring for your teeth and gums. These are:
- Eating and drinking foods that aren’t damaging to your teeth
- Going to the dentist
Brushing your teeth
You don’t want to brush your teeth too hard as it could damage them – your toothbrush should be firm enough to do the job but not so hard that it hurts. Once you’ve used a brush for three months, make sure it is replaced with a new one.
Electric toothbrushes are highly recommended by dentists for a thorough clean but they should be used differently to manual brushes. Instead of dragging your electric toothbrush across your mouth, you should visit each tooth individually for a proper clean.
Flossing your teeth
You should floss once a day, but do it softly so as not to hurt your gums. Don’t forget to floss your teeth at the back of your mouth, and move the floss up and down against the teeth to remove plaque.
The benefits of a scale and clean
A scale and clean should be carried out by your dentist on a regular basis, to help keep your teeth in top condition. Aside from removing plaque and other bacteria that builds up on your teeth which you miss when you brush and floss, a scale and clean will also get rid of any tartar in your mouth.
Tartar is plaque that has built up and become hard on your teeth, almost like a calcification. This can only be removed by a professional and is what the ‘scaling’ part of this treatment is.
A scale and clean will also help to remove stains on your teeth caused by tea, coffee, smoking and red wine. Everyone is different, and some people need a scale and clean more often than others. Your dentist should be able to tell you how frequently you need to visit.
Treatment of gum disease
Gum disease occurs when you have an infection in your gums. Gum disease can be treated in a number of ways, including:
- Deep cleaning which removes plaque and tartar, cleaning out the bacteria
- Medications can get rid of an infection when used with scaling and root planning following a deep clean
- Surgery can also help to eliminate gum disease by removing deep rooted tartar through the process of lifting back gums to give them a good clean. Surgery can also include bone and tissue grafts to stimulate the area to heal itself.