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There are several reasons why one should choose to get braces, aside from the obvious like to improved self-esteem and great looking smile. A misaligned bite caused by crooked teeth can increase the likelihood of periodontal disease and tooth decay, by trapping plaque and food particles that would otherwise be cleaned out with regular brushing and flossing. This can lead to advanced gum disease and tooth loss. It can also create difficulties with chewing and cause your teeth to wear unnecessarily adding additional stress to the structures that support your teeth like tissue and bone. Your teeth also run the risk of accidental damage from chipping if they are protruding from your mouth.
Braces are used to correct various imperfections of the teeth and jaw including misalignments in bite orientations (over-bite, under-bite) and malocclusion (misalignment of the jaw and teeth). The braces are used to apply a constant force and pressure to shift and move the teeth. This happens because the tissue that supports the teeth are being stretched, while the bone that supports the teeth is also breaking down and adjusting to the new position of the teeth. When the teeth reach their final position, the tissue heals back up and the bone rebuilds itself to support the tooth in its new position.
If you are considering getting braces let your dentist determine if you are a good candidate. This is largely determined by your oral health; healthy gums are very important. If you are found to be a suitable candidate the process starts by inserting orthodontic bands to the molars on each side of your mouth. This orthodontic band provides the foundation for the structure of the braces. Brackets are then attached to the front side of the remaining teeth between the orthodontic bands. An arch wire is then run through the brackets and secured at the orthodontic band. This is typically known as the traditional metal wired braces, at Wyndham Dental, our dentists prefer the traditional metal wired braces using orthodontic banding to secure the archwire for moderate to extreme cases of misalignment/malocclusions because of the superior results that can be obtained through them.
If your misalignments are mild to moderate a clear aligner may be a better option than the traditional metal wire braces. Clear removable aligners such as Invisalign are typically made of clear resin composite material and are used in place of traditional metal wired braces. Unlike the traditional braces that move the entire tooth, tissue, and bone, clear aligners straighten the teeth by progressively rotating and tilting the teeth to their final position. This method is usually not recommended for patients with severe malocclusions or misalignments. The dentists here at Wyndham Dental can determine if you are a good candidate for clear aligners.
All the benefits of having braces are not without its disadvantages. Pain is common during the fitting, adjusting, and removal process of metal wired brace. The structure of the braces can also be a magnet to trap food particles. This can lead to periodontal disease and tooth loss. You can also develop sore in the mouth due to allergic reactions or irritation caused by the materials. Furthermore, braces are not indestructible and can be damaged by eating foods that are hard or sticky or by everyday actives such as playing sports, in which case mouth protection should be used. It is also possible that braces can change the look of your face, jaw, and cheekbones. You should keep this in mind when deciding to get braces.